The Manufacture established by Georges Favre-Jacot definitively adopts the name of Zenith, referring to the highest point reached by a heavenly body in the sky and thereby symbolising the heights of excellence to which the brand with the guiding star has been aspiring ever since.
Zenith created El Primero, the first ever integrated automatic chronograph movement, which is still the world’s most precise series-made caliber. It is the only one capable of measuring short times to the nearest tenth of a second, thanks to its balance oscillating at a frequency of 36,000 vibrations per hour.
Mechanical watches were again in demand,
and Charles Vermot gave Zenith back the production tools that he had kept safely hidden. Production of the El Primero caliber could begin once more. Major watch brands were eager to get a fresh start in this field by equipping their timepieces with this legendary movement.
The El Primero celebrates its 40thanniversary.
Since it was first created, this high-frequency movement has evolved constantly, incorporating countless and unusual mechanisms representing significant breakthroughs in the history of time measurement.
This enduring vibrancy cements the enduring legacy of El Primero, of which an entire collection now the name.
The town of Le Locle is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its industrial architecture and urbanism, to which Zenith contributed by building the first Manufacture in watchmaking history in 1865.
The brand with the guiding star has indeed never left these premises brimming with history and expertise.
Zenith renews ties with aviation and enriches the Pilot collection with three new models: the Pilot Montre d’Aéronef Type 20, the Pilot Doublematic and the Pilot Big Date Special.
The latter wins the “Petite Aiguille” prize
in the 2012 Geneva Watchmaking Grand Prix.
The renovation of the central building of the Manufacture is completed, while work continues on the 18 other buildings. State-of-the-art technologies are implemented, while the historical architecture of the site is jealously preserved.